Over the past decade, the availability of and the potential for rising costs of water that is largely supplied by public districts is believed to be a threat both to agriculture and to future urban development. At Limoneira, we have long understood that land with water is worth considerably more than land without it.
Water is often called a public resource, but it is also subject to private ownership, which comes with a responsibility of stewardship. Our land use practices are efficient, and our water use history is long and exemplary. We take our stewardship responsibility seriously and fully understand that our use of an important public natural resource is not only the essence of a public private partnership, but it is also our legacy.
Through our land position, historic water use, sustainable land use practices and by making investments in infrastructure, Limoneira has developed long-term, firm and reliable rights to water sufficient to meet any of our land use objectives. The fair market value of the Company should increase as the investment community begins to appreciate the linkage between Limoneira’s water position and its long-term business objectives.
The value of water has escalated at rates greater than 6.5 percent per annum since at least the mid-1960s. There is no expectation that these historic increases, which are translated into higher costs for many companies, will be curtailed. In the face of forecasted increased water supply scarcity and cost, what distinguishes Limoneira from our competitors is our ability to directly and indirectly monetize the value of our water position through enhanced competitiveness positioning and profitability .
We expect to capitalize on our position with each of the following opportunities:
• Less expensive water supply costs. Imported water for the Bay-Delta and the Colorado River is becoming increasingly expensive. Regardless of whether there is an engineering solution to present infrastructure problems, there are no guarantees that quantities will be restored to earlier delivery levels or that environmental issues will be resolved. In any event, all imported water supply costs are expected to rise dramatically over the next several decades. By way of contrast, Limoneira holds rights to local groundwater and surface water for which development costs have largely been previously paid.
• High reliability of water (no shortages). Imported supplies are subject to ongoing environmental and regulatory challenges. There is no scenario where these risks can be eliminated. On the other hand, Limoneira has actively maintained sustainable land use practices that can be amply supplied from the company’s existing sources of supply.
• Long-term water to support transitional land uses (ag to urban). Land development in the West requires the demonstration of a long-term reliable water supply, sufficient to meet the water supply needs of the land for a minimum of twenty years. Land without water rights and water supplies will struggle to satisfy this legal/planning requirement. Limoneira’s historical water position will fulfill even the most stringent of tests for water, thereby ensuring that new development will not be constrained by the absence of water supply.
• Local water transfers. Water transfers and exchanges can create a free market short, interim and long-term return on the redistribution of water. Limoneira has the good fortune of possessing access to a variety of surface water and groundwater supplies that can be traded for compensation in those years where the water is not required for Limoneira’s operations. The company’s opportunity for success in carrying out water transfers will be enhanced by conditions of increased scarcity. Moreover, our ability to transfer water is inherently more feasible than in other parts of California because they would be local and, in many cases, conducted consistent with over-arching regulatory plans.
• Water infrastructure agreements. Its one thing to have access to water rights. It’s another thing to get the water from where it originates to where it is needed. Limoneira enjoys rights to water related infrastructure that will allow it to integrate its water supplies and to move water from its point of origin to its highest value use.